Archaeology (Sometimes written as archeology), is a scientific discipline devoted to the excavation, study, and preservation of the artifacts of past human life and civilization. Those who engage in the discipline are called archaeologists. 

Archaeological study is conducted on human remains, the tools they used, the structures they built and more. Archaeological study generally is done on pre-modern peoples and artifacts, in which there is little recorded history or information, and archaeology is needed to understand the subject. Artifacts are often stored in Museums, and displayed in exhibits for public viewing and education.

Carbon dating, or radiocarbon dating, is often used by archaeologists to determine the age of an item. Carbon dating can only be done to organic materials, which has carbon 14, which undergoes radioactive decay, and the amount of the isotope in the item. Carbon dating can be used to analyze materials as old as 50,000 years old.

Archaeology is of special importance in Israel, which has a long history and a connection to the bible. Digs have been able to find long lost sites mentioned by the bible and of note to identity of the Jewish people. 

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 Ancient site of Dadan at Al-'Ula, June 1, 2021.

7,000-year-old animal and human remains found in Saudi Arabian stone structures

The god Amun protecting Tutankhamun is pictured during a press visit of the Tutankhamun, Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh exhibition, displaying more than 150 original artefacts, at the Grande Halle de la Villette in Paris, France, March 21, 2019.

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Sweden unearths one of the oldest cannons found in Europe

 A structure at Ek' Balam.

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 Clay rattle fragment.

Artifacts used for ancient magic rituals discovered on road from Egypt to Mecca

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An archaeologist works on a site where a 1,000-year-old mummy was unearthed, at a residential neighbourhood, in Lima, Peru September 6, 2023.

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 View of the Hippos archaeological site at Sussita National Park in the Golan Heights, overlooking the Sea of Galilee, August 1, 2022.

Israeli teen finds 1,700-year-old bronze ring in ruins of Greek city

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 Four ancient swords found preserved in Israel's Ein Gedi Nature Reserve

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Ancient mystery: Did fishermen catch a dinosaur and throw it back?

 Judy Siegel-Itzkovich Attachments 12:39 PM (56 minutes ago) to Jerusalem, me, Seth  Canopic jar of Senetnay, “Wet Nurse of the King” (Amenhotep II), which originally contained Senetnay’s mummified lungs.

Care to smell a mummy? This Denmark museum will let you

 Poseidon, god of the sea, earthquakes and horses.

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 The northern channels discovered in the City of David.

First Temple-era channels in Jerusalem stump Israeli archaeologists

 Aerial view of the excavation of the Upper Aqueduct at Givat Hamatos.

Israel uncovers massive section of Second Temple-era aqueduct in Jerusalem